The verb dovere is an helping verbs and it is generally accompanied by a verb in the infinitive tense. As a servile verb, dovere can be translated as have to / must and it means to be obliged to do something, (even due to a law or moral norm or due to mandatory circumstances). As a transitive verb, dovere means To be required to give or return something. Dovere can be also used as noun and it means duty or obligation.
Sta piovendo? Devo prendere l’ombrello?
Is it raining? Do I need to take my umbrella?
A scuola tutti gli studenti devono indossare l’uniforme.
Students must wear the uniform at school.
As you can see, different verbs to translate dovere exist in English, whose use is primarily linked to the context.
Dovere Conjugation – Presente
First of all, you should know that dovere follows the conjugation of Italian irregular verbs, hence you need to learn it by heart.
Here is its conjugation In the Presente:
|Io devo / debbo|
|Loro devono / debbono|
Note that you can find two different forms in the first person singular and in the third person plural. The second one is quite unusual and less used.
Devi fare attenzione quando attraversi la strada, capito?
You must pay attention when you cross the street, understand?
Sapete dov’è Michelle? Dobbiamo parlare urgentemente con lei!
Do you know where Michelle is? We need to talk to her urgently!
If you want to practice Italian Grammar and tenses here is a list of useful books for you: